Depression and Anxiety are the two most common terms to hit one’s understanding of mental disorders. Although the two are mental disorders and undoubtedly had a lot of commonalities with each other, in medical terms, these are two distinct terms having different symptoms, reasons, and treatments. Often people having depression would probably also have anxiety or vice versa. That’s how the two linked deeply, however, depression and anxiety precisely distanced as a mood disorder and nervous disorder respectively.
Depression is associated with a mood disorder and a person often losses interest in even their routine activities. Depressive symptoms if remained for 2 or more weeks often considered as a sign of depressive episode.
- Loss of interest in routine activities as well as hobbies.
- Mood swings and sadness.
- Lack of concentration and low self-esteem.
- Feeling hopeless and difficulty in making decisions.
- Sleeping disorders, either hypersomnia (excessive sleep) or insomnia (loss of sleep).
- Prominent weight changes, either loss or gain in weight.
- Feeling guilty and worthless.
- Low energy level, fatigue, and laziness.
- Suicidal or self-harming thoughts.
Approximately half of these symptoms if persists for more than 2 weeks and started affecting a person’s performance it would signify major depressive disorder or often known as clinical depression.
Anxiety is often termed as Generalized Anxiety Disorder and it’s a nervous disorder having a major symptom of a constant worry. If this situation of worrying about even small things happening around remains for more than a few days or weeks, or at least for 6 months that would be a signal to anxiety disorder.
- Lack of concentration in every task.
- Disturbed sleeping patterns mostly insomnia, anticipated by worrying.
- Feeling pressure and tension in muscles.
- Bad temper issues and feelings irritated by the things.
- Continuous restlessness even after proper sleep.
- An easy and rapid inclination to fatigue.
These symptoms resisting for more than weeks to approximately 6 months would be called anxiety disorder. Anxiety is somehow associated with phobias or panic disorders which often cause difficulty in breathing and nausea.
What Is The Difference Between Anxiety And Depression?
A major difference separating the two is their type in medical terms as depression is considered as a mood disorder while anxiety often deemed as a nervous disorder. While having a look at the symptoms of the two would easily help one identify the similarities between the two. But the differences are justified as well with the symptoms.
- As worry is the major symptom in anxiety however a depressed might not fear too much about the things happening around.
- Loss of interest is the major symptom associated with depression however an anxious person might continue their routine tasks normally and would not face many difficulties in accomplishing that.
- Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, suicidal thoughts, and self-harming are often very common and greatly noticed in depressed person even if the person has mild to a moderate depressive state. While such feelings usually didn’t drag an anxious person in the trap.